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All effective approaches to Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease and Heart Failure involve Immune Modulation. 
Our Three DVD Presentation covers the fundamentals of this concept and discusses treatment options. 
 Case studies are presented with pre and post-treatment cardiac echo images.

Immune Mechanisms of Atherosclerosis and Heart Failure

Atherosclerosis is a maladaptive response of the immune system to what it perceives as infection of the artery wall with oxidized LDL.  Useful therapies must limit the amount of oxidized LDL within the vessel wall, quiet down this inappropriate immune response,  or carry out both actions.  Likewise, heart failure always involves maladaptive immune attack against altered and now "non-self" heart proteins.  Modulating this response will reduce symptoms and improve outcome in all patients with heart failure.